By Mitch Rice
There is a growing demand for qualified programmers and developers. These are hot careers right now, and many people want to try their hand at it. However, a number of programming languages and their application may seem confusing to beginners.
How to make the right choice? You want to use your time efficiently, right? Then, choose the language carefully, considering its use, the number of jobs, learning resources, and trends in programming. After all, a programming language is just a tool. It should correspond to the goals you want to achieve. Let’s take a look at in-demand programming languages in 2020/21.
Python is a popular programming language that continues to grow due to its high performance. It is versatile and widely used in different industries. Some of the world-class companies that choose Python are Netflix, Quora, Google, and Instagram. Its syntax is one of the easiest. There are also many libraries you can use in your work. Thus, Python can be your first choice if you are a beginner. Yet, it also offers many advanced features that support complex software development.
Java has been one of the most popular programming languages for years. It is an object-oriented and compiled language. Just-in-time compilation guarantees high performance and speed. Java has a wide variety of applications, including mobile, gaming, web-based, and business applications. Despite new and new languages appearing every day, Java remains popular among programmers. There are also a lot of job postings with an average salary of over $100,000 per year.
Rust is a safe multi-paradigm language. It guarantees convenient memory management during the compile time. This feature makes it extremely popular in the community of developers. According to the Stack Overflow survey, Rust is the most loved programming language. Considering the abundance of options, this is a huge achievement. Aside from high performance, Rust also offers speed, easy maintainability, and cross-platform support. It is used by such companies as Dropbox, Microsoft, Amazon, Discord, and Coursera.
C is one of the oldest languages on our list, but it is still high-performing and powerful. C served as a base for other languages, including C++, Java, and Python. It is not as simple to learn. Yet, the functionality is worth it. C is portable, so you can use your code on different devices without changes. Besides, as it is structure-based, it can be applied to develop complex solutions. The list of companies that use C includes Twitch, MasterCard, Lime, and Telegram Messenger.
C++ is an efficient programming language. It keeps being popular even though it is one of the oldest languages out there. C++ provides a powerful set of tools for multi-platform use. Over time, it acquired libraries that can make your learning and work easier. This programming language has a large area of use, including games, animations, operating systems, browsers, etc. Furthermore, C++ is fast and allows full control over memory management.
C# is a fast and object-oriented programming language. It is versatile and suitable for a variety of purposes. C# is used in web applications, games, and console applications. Besides, Windows and its applications were developed with the help of C#. As for its properties, C# is safe and fast in compilation and execution. Development and maintenance of code are simple since C# is object-oriented. Most importantly, it is modern and supports current trends in programming.
Kotlin is a relatively new language that serves for safe programming. It appeared as an attempt to create an alternative to Java. Therefore, its area of application is equally diverse. Just like Java, it is often used to develop Android apps. Kotlin also solves a lot of challenges faced by programmers. It is easy, allows to write less code, and supports multi-platform development. Companies that use Kotlin are Pinterest, Uber, Kickstarter, Trello, and many others.
Go is a compiled language developed by Google. In recent years, it has received positive feedback from the developer community. It combines the best features of different programming languages. For example, Go is fast and statistically-typed like C and C++. At the same time, it keeps being easily readable like, for example, Python. Moreover, Go offers error-checking features and has built-in testing. Well-known companies that use Go are Intel, Uber, BBC, and SoundCloud.
It is an open-source programming language launched by Apple. It should be your choice if you want to develop apps for iOS. Swift has a friendly community around it. Besides, a lot of developers say that it is the easiest programming language to write and read code. Speed is one of its advantages as well. If you compare it to Objective-C, it is faster and less prone to bugs. Access to dynamic libraries is another significant benefit for developers.